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Hemangioma and PHACES Syndrome:

Hemangioma is the most common benign vascular tumor of infancy. It is more common among baby girls than boys (3:1). Low birth-weight, advanced maternal age, multiple pregnancy (twins and triplets), placenta previa and preeclampsia are…
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Epidermolysis bullosa (EB)

Epidermolysis bullosa (EB) is a group of genetic disorders characterized by skin fragility. Patients with EB are prone to developing blisters on their skin and mucous membranes. These blisters can appear anywhere, but most commonly on areas…
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Ichthyosis Vulgaris

    The most prevalent of the ichthyoses is ichthyosis vulgaris, a heterogeneous collection of inherited keratinization disorders characterized by extensive scaling of the skin of different severity. Pathogenic mutations in the…
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Id Reaction

  Id reaction or autosensitization dermatitis is an immunological reaction that occurs in response to a distant localized inflammatory/infectious skin condition. It most commonly occurs in response to a local fungal infection occurring …
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How to Avoid Rosacea Triggers

  Rosacea is a skin disease that causes erythema to form across the nose and cheeks. In addition to medical therapy, rosacea patients can improve their remission by identifying and avoiding common environmental factors that may trigger f…
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Steven-Johnson Syndrome (SJS) and Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN)

Introduction: SJS and TEN are rare, acute, and potentially fatal reactions affecting the skin and the mucous membrane. The evidence suggests that both SJS and TEN result from a defect in detoxifying drug metabolites, inducing immune responses.…
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Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma

  Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) is a malignant skin tumor that arises from the epidermal keratinocytes. They can develop on any cutaneous surface, including the head, neck, trunk, extremities, oral mucosa, periungual skin,…
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Cutaneous Leishmaniasis

  Leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease transmitted by the bite of infected female sandflies. It is caused by more than 20 species of Leishmania which is a flagellated protozoa. Epidemiology: - Worldwide, there are approximately …
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Morphea

Morphea is an autoimmune connective tissue disorder, which is characterized by the hardening of the skin. It is a relatively uncommon disorder as the annual incidence rate is estimated to be 27 per million; however, the prevalence increases…
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Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma

  CTCL is a type of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. It is a group of lymphoproliferative disorders characterized by the localization of neoplastic T cells to the skin. CTCL tends to affect older individuals with a mean onset at 50 to 60 years of ag…
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Leprosy

Leprosy or "Hansen's disease" is a contagious disease caused by mycobacterium leprae complex. In 2000, leprosy was eliminated as a cause of public health concern. Yet, cases still occur, especially in resource-limited countries such as India,…
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Onychomycosis

Onychomycosis is a fungal infection of the nail caused by dermatophytes, non-dermatophyte molds, and yeasts (mainly Candida species). Incidence increases with age, and it rarely occurs in children. Dermatophytes (Trichophyton rubrum) account…