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Herpes zoster

      Herpes zoster (also known as shingles) is a localized, blistering, and painful rash caused by reactivation of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) (as known as herpesvirus 3 member of the Herpesviruses). Herpes zoster…
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Infantile Hemangiomas

      Infantile hemangiomas are the most common vascular tumor in infants and children. The majority of hemangiomas are not evident at birth but most become apparent in the first few months of life. Infantile hemangiomas…
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A brief touch on some of the skin manifestations associated with diabetes mellitus

      Diabetes mellitus is a disorder occurring when the body is unable to process glucose resulting in high blood glucose. It is a very common disease; it has been estimated that around 18% of the adult population in…
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Viral warts

      Viral warts are ubiquitous and harmless skin growths caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). It infects epidermal or mucosal cells creating a warty knoll lesion called verruca.   Diagnosis is clear-cut and…
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Cutaneous Melanoma

    Cutaneous melanoma is a malignant neoplasm of the melanocytes. Melanocytes are cells found in the basal layer of the epidermis which its main function is to produce the pigment melanin that is responsible for skin color.…
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Hidradenitis Suppurativa: Causes, clinical features, and management

      Hidradenitis Suppurativa (HS) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease affecting the apocrine gland causing suppurative lumps in areas of skin folds, such as the axilla and groin. HS tends to appear around puberty…
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Lichen Planus: a brief summary.

      Lichen Planus is a chronic disorder that can present with a variety of dermatological manifestations. There are many clinical types of Lichen Planus which are based on the extent of involvement of different body…
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Microneedling: a new approach in dermatology

    Microneedling (percutaneous collagen induction therapy) is a new promising mini-invasive therapeutic procedure where small holes are created across the stratum corneum while keeping the epidermis partially intact.   The…
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What is Rosacea? Causes, clinical features and treatment

    Rosacea is a common condition and one that dermatologists come across all the time. It is characterized by either transient or persistent facial erythema involving a chronic rash, sometimes accompanied with conspicuous …
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Association of Psoriasis with the Risk for Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

      Psoriasis is a chronic immune-mediated inflammatory skin disease characterized by uncontrolled proliferation of keratinocytes, release of proinflammatory cytokines, and recruitment of T cells to the skin that…
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Vitiligo: causes, clinical features, diagnosis and general management

    Vitiligo is an acquired disorder of the skin characterized by well-circumscribed macules or patches of depigmentation. Vitiligo can be cosmetically disabling, especially in people of darker skin. It is caused by destruction…
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The elusive connection between vitamin D and skin health

Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin that has an imperative role in health. It regulates calcium metabolism and homeostasis, but its scope of function extends beyond that, particularly the skin.   The production of vitamin D occurs in the…