Rosacea is a skin disease that causes erythema to form across the nose and cheeks. In addition to medical therapy, rosacea patients can improve their remission by identifying and avoiding common environmental factors that may trigger flare-ups or aggravate their conditions. Below are the lists on how to prevent the rosacea to flare-ups:
sun exposure is the most common trigger, and should be avoided by applying a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher. In addition, it is better to use fragrance-free sunscreen containing zinc oxide and titanium dioxide because they are less likely to cause skin irritation. Moreover, wearing a hat when exposed the sun is essential to protect the face and neck.
Emotional stress accounts for 79% of rosacea flare-ups; try to do activities that relieve your stress, such as yoga classes, and joining support groups. Minimize eating spicy food/ food and beverages that are high in temperature; one can drink iced coffee or tea instead, or let hot beverages warm a bit.
There are some medications known to trigger rosacea, like antihypertensives and vitamins, that has to be reviewed by the treating physician.
Reduce Exercising in a hot climate:
Exercising will increase the body temperature, and that will worsen the condition. This can be avoided by doing less intense exercise and doing it indoors.
Using a mild, fragrance-free emollient to the skin before applying makeup can help prevent flares. Avoiding waterproof makeup or heavy foundations is vital to avoid flare-ups.
Select specific skin and hair care products:
avoid using products that contain these products — menthol, camphor, or sodium lauryl sulfate as it commonly worsens the rosacea.
Protect the face from cold wind
Written by: Dr. Nouf Aljomah, dermatology resident
American Academy of dermatology